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earl of essex

Date Submitted: 11/16/2004 02:08:34
Category: / Literature / English
Length: 1 pages (282 words)
Cromwell, Thomas, earl of Essex Cromwell, Thomas, earl of Essex, 1485?1540, English statesman. While a young man he lived abroad as a soldier, accountant, and merchant, and on his return (c. 1512) to England he engaged in the wool trade and eventually became a lawyer. He entered Parliament in 1523 and soon became legal secretary to Cardinal Wolsey, for whom he managed the suppression of minor monasteries. He avoided being disgraced with Wolsey in 1529, and by 1531 was serving …
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…great chamberlain in 1539, and earl of Essex in 1540. He negotiated the king's marriage to Anne of Cleves as a means of securing the North German princes as allies against the Catholic Holy Roman emperor Charles V. When Anne proved unattractive and the alliance failed, Henry allowed charges of treason and heresy to be brought against Cromwell by his bitter enemy, the duke of Norfolk. Cromwell was condemned by act of attainder and beheaded. ------------------------------------------------------------------------ **Bibliography**
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